New data from the U.S. Sentencing Commission revealed that American women of all races receive shorter prison sentences than white men who commit the same crimes. View post on imgur.com According to the data, in the most recent time period studied, white women and black women both receive sentences approximately 30 percent shorter than white men.In a report about gender-based differences in sentencing, Nate Silver’s FiveThirtyEight highlighted a U.S. Sentencing Commission statistic that shows that American women of all races receive shorter sentences than white men who commit the same crimes. Although black males still receive 19.1 percent longer sentences than white men who commit similar crimes, the statistic pokes a hole in the logic of intersectionality theory advocates who believe that American society has been designed to exclusively benefit white males. The article explains that more women than men are in prison for drug offenses even though they are often less influential … [Read more...] about Report: Women of All Races Get Shorter Prison Sentences than White Men
By Beryl Lieff BenderlyApr. 4, 2018 , 4:00 PM In 1955, Jonas Salk famously told an interviewer that the polio vaccine he helped develop had no patent. “Could you patent the sun?” he asked, succinctly expressing the feeling then widespread in academic science that patenting and commercializing research results violated such central scientific values as unfettered communication, openness, and service to the common good. Clearly, ideas have changed since then. Today, increasing numbers of faculty members, postdocs, and students see grant-funded scientific research not only as content for journal articles, but also as sources of real-world technologies bringing practical benefits to society—and, potentially, financial gain to the inventors. University technology transfer offices help guide researchers through the complicated process of turning their findings into marketable products. Patenting and commercialization even count favorably in tenure and promotion decisions … [Read more...] about How one program is helping empower women to bring their ideas to market
By Roger Fingas Tuesday, April 03, 2018, 02:13 pm PT (05:13 pm ET) On average, men at Apple's U.K. operations earn 5 percent more than women, the company revealed on Tuesday, a day ahead of a deadline for British companies over 250 people to disclose their gender gaps. Women do however come ahead by 2 percent when going by median, Reuters reported. Apple said the discrepancy in average is attributable to having more men in senior roles, who in turn get higher salaries, bonuses, and stock grants. 30 percent of the company's U.K. staff are women, up from 28 percent in 2014, Apple noted. The company has over 6,000 local workers in all. In a statement, Apple said it would take steps to try and close any gaps, for instance no longer asking hires for their salary histories as of this year. The multinational company regularly prides itself on its attempts to reduce racial and gender gaps in labor. Nevertheless, significant differences remain —an internal report in November pegged its … [Read more...] about Apple says male UK staff earn average of 5 percent more than women
By 2030, 14 percent of the global workforce — 375 million individuals — may need to switch occupations as a result of increased automation. This phenomenon, what economists term ‘labor switching’ has been lauded by technologists as the simple solution to the looming problem of mass displacement from automation. But as innovations such as autonomous vehicles, cashierless checkout, algorithmic stock trading, and drone delivery become increasingly tangible, not only is there a notable lack of any institutionalized retraining to address the issue, but there’s very little attention being given to how this switch will affect the most disenfranchised members of our society. Women, blacks, and latinos are left behind in an automated future A recent study found that in the EU a disproportionate share of workers with at most secondary education and below median income are likely to be impacted by technology-driven labor loss. The job family that is most … [Read more...] about Is automation leaving women and minorities behind?
Ask a classroom of children to draw a scientist, and you’ll see plenty of Crayola-colored lab coats, goggles and bubbling beakers. That image hasn’t changed much since the 1960s. But the person wearing the lab coat is shifting. A new analysis finds that more female scientists have appeared in kids’ drawings in recent decades — going from nearly nonexistent in the 1960s to about a third in 2016. “A lot has changed since the 1960s,” says David Miller, a Ph.D. candidate in psychology at Northwestern University who reports the findings with colleagues March 20 in Child Development. The first of many “draw-a-scientist” studies asked nearly 5,000 children to draw a scientist between 1966 and 1977. “Of those 5,000 drawings,” Miller says, “only 28 … depicted a female scientist.” That’s just 0.6 percent. Today, “more women are becoming scientists, and there’s some evidence that … [Read more...] about Kids are starting to picture scientists as women