In its doodle for Monday March 23rd, Google chose to highlight the 133rd birthday of Emmy Noether – one of Germany's most renowned mathematicians. “How many people do you know can count Albert Einstein as a fan of their work?” doodle artist Sophie Diao asked in her background piece to the work. In fact, Einstein described Noether as “the most significant creative mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began” in a letter to the New York Times after her death in 1935. Noether had spent almost two decades teaching students and researching at the University of Göttingen – which had only grudgingly accepted her after she had been teaching unofficially for four years – before leaving the country for America in 1933 after the Nazis forced all Jews out of university teaching positions. Noether had followed in her father's footsteps to study maths at the University of Erlangen in Bavaria, where she … [Read more...] about Google honours German maths pioneer

# Math

## Creator of ‘Grand Unified Theory of Mathematics’ Wins Prestigious Math Prize

A mathematician who developed what some consider the "grand unified theory of mathematics" has won one of the most prestigious prizes in mathematics. Robert Langlands, an emeritus professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University, has won the Abel Prize, a prestigious mathematics prize that honors a lifetime of groundbreaking work, organizers of the prize announced yesterday (March 20). Langlands, 81, won the prize for work in which he found deep connections between two seemingly disparate areas of mathematics: number theory and harmonic analysis, according to a statement from the organizers of the prize. [Images: The World's Most Beautiful Equations] Early life In his younger years, Langlands didn't seem destined for a life of the mind. Born in 1936 outside Vancouver, Canada, he grew up in a family that ran a building-supply store, and he wasn't particularly academic. "School, except that it was a place frequented by girls and my friends, meant little to me," … [Read more...] about Creator of ‘Grand Unified Theory of Mathematics’ Wins Prestigious Math Prize

## Celebrate Pi Day 2018 with NASA’ Tasty ‘Pi in the Sky’ Math Challenge

NASA is inviting the public to celebrate Pi Day (March 14) by sharing a series of cosmic calculations for kids and adults to solve. The "Pi in the Sky" challenge was created by the Education Office of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, and is now in its fifth year. The challenge will feature math problems to calculate for Martian earthquakes, helium rain on Jupiter and the rotation rate of the first interstellar visitor ever discovered, asteroid 'Oumuamua. The topics of last year's Pi Day challenge included craters with butterfly-shaped ejecta, or tossed material, and the total solar eclipse. Pi is a number whose digits go on forever, but it's most popularly known by the first three: 3.14 (hence March 14). It is a mathematical constant often denoted by the symbol π. Pi comes in handy when determining the circumference or the surface area of a round celestial body. It also helps engineers and scientists program the precise orbits of satellites and … [Read more...] about Celebrate Pi Day 2018 with NASA’ Tasty ‘Pi in the Sky’ Math Challenge

## Massive Space Structures Have Surprising Connection to Quantum Mechanics Math

Enormous disks of stars or debris can operate under the same rules as subatomic particles, changing based on the Schrodinger equation, which physicists use to model quantum-mechanical systems. Viewing space structures with that equation can lend new insights into how galaxies evolve, as well as reveal clues about the mechanics of the early solar system and the action of rings circling distant planets, a new study reports. California Institute of Technology researcher Konstantin Batygin, author of the new study, hadn't expected to find that particular equation when studying those astrophysical disks. "At the time, I was completely floored," Batygin told Space.com. "I was expecting the regular wave equation to appear, something like the wave of a string or something like that. And instead, I get this equation, which is really the cornerstone of quantum mechanics." [Planet-Building 'Flying Saucer' Disk Is Surprisingly Cool (Video)] Using the Schrodinger equation, physicists … [Read more...] about Massive Space Structures Have Surprising Connection to Quantum Mechanics Math

## Selfies Distort Your Face by 30% — And Here’s the Math to Back It Up

If humans were meant to take attractive selfies, they would be born with 5-foot-long arms. According to a research letter published today (March 1) in the journal JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery, 5 feet (1.5 meters) is the optimal distance for taking portraits that don't distort your facial features. Selfies taken just 12 inches (30 centimeters) away from the face, meanwhile, often result in a forced "funhouse mirror" perspective that can make your nose look up to 30 percent wider than it is, Dr. Boris Paskhover, study co-author and facial plastic surgeon, told Live Science. "For years, I've heard patients and family members say, 'Oh, look at my nose, it looks so big,' when they show me a selfie," Paskhover said."I was always telling my patients, that's not how you really look. I knew that selfies distort how your nose looks. And I wanted to prove it." In their new study, Paskhover and his colleagues at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School and at Stanford University in California … [Read more...] about Selfies Distort Your Face by 30% — And Here’s the Math to Back It Up