As artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, much of the public attention has focused on how successfully these technologies can compete against humans at chess and other strategy games. A philosopher from the University of Houston has taken a different approach, deconstructing the complex neural networks used in machine learning to shed light on how humans process abstract learning. "As we rely more and more on these systems, it is important to know how they work and why," said Cameron Buckner, assistant professor of philosophy and author of a paper exploring the topic published in the journal Synthese. Better understanding how the systems work, in turn, led him to insights into the nature of human learning. Philosophers have debated the origins of human knowledge since the days of Plato - is it innate, based on logic, or does knowledge come from sensory experience in the world? Deep Convolutional Neural Networks, or DCNNs, suggest human knowledge stems from experience, … [Read more...] about Artificial Intelligence Helps Reveal How People Process Abstract Thought
How people learn brain mind
What if there was a way to give everyone suffering from conditions like paralysis or Locked-in syndrome the means to operate prosthetic devices and tech gadgets using mind-control? Well, there is – or at least, there will be. IBM Research recently developed an end-to-end proof-of-concept for a method of controlling an off-the-shelf robotic arm with a brain-computer interface built using a take-home EEG monitor. To accomplish this, the researchers developed AI to interpret the data from the EEG monitor as commands for the robotic arm. Do you want to be a cryptocurrency millionaire? Don't get your hopes up. VISIT HARD FORK That may not sound like something that will change everything overnight – and IBM isn’t the only or first company to dabble in brain-computer interfaces. But they’re one of the only that appear interested in figuring out how to build a system that uses inexpensive hardware that’s already available. We reached out to Stefan Harrer, a … [Read more...] about Developing bionics: How IBM is adapting mind-control for accessibility
source Shutterstock Learning where your boundaries are can be tough. But they are really important for maintaining healthy relationships. Without initially having boundaries, you’re likely to build up resentment. Instead, you should be honest about how you want to be treated right at the start of a new relationship, even if it feels uncomfortable. The more you’re honest about your boundaries, the easier it will become to communicate them. Boundaries are essential to have healthy relationships with romantic partners, friends, and even colleagues. But so many people struggle with saying “no,” and communicating where their limits actually are. According to doctor of psychology and therapist Perpetua Neo, sometimes we feel like we don’t deserve to have boundaries. If you’ve never tried to build your boundaries up, it … [Read more...] about Some people struggle to create boundaries — here’s why it’s important to learn to say ‘no’
Get the Mach newsletter. SUBSCRIBE How far would you go to keep your mind from failing? Would you go so far as to let a doctor drill a hole in your skull and stick a microchip in your brain? It’s not an idle question. In recent years neuroscientists have made major advances in cracking the code of memory, figuring out exactly how the human brain stores information and learning to reverse-engineer the process. Now they’ve reached the stage where they’re starting to put all of that theory into practice. Last month two research teams reported success at using electrical signals, carried into the brain via implanted wires, to boost memory in small groups of test patients. “It’s a major milestone in demonstrating the ability to restore memory function in humans,” says Dr. Robert Hampson, a neuroscientist at Wake Forest School of Medicine and the leader of one of the teams. The research is funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, which … [Read more...] about Memory-boosting brain implants are in the works. Would you get one?
By George Musser, SpectrumMar. 9, 2018 , 9:00 AM Originally published on Spectrum Satsuki Ayaya remembers finding it hard to play with other children when she was young, as if a screen separated her from them. Sometimes she felt numb, sometimes too sensitive; sometimes sounds were muted, sometimes too sharp. As a teenager, desperate to understand herself, she began keeping a journal. “I started to write my ideas in my notebooks, like: What’s happened to me? Or: What’s wrong with me? Or: Who am I?” she says, “I wrote, wrote, wrote. I filled maybe 40 notebooks.” Today, at 43, Ayaya has a better sense of who she is: She was diagnosed with autism when she was in her early 30s. As a Ph.D. student in the history and philosophy of science at the University of Tokyo, she is using the narratives from her teen years and after to generate hypotheses and suggest experiments about autism — a form of self-analysis called Tojisha-Kenkyu, introduced nearly 20 … [Read more...] about Does autism arise because the brain is continually surprised?