In 2007, two Russian submarines plunged down 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) into the Arctic Ocean and planted a national flag onto a piece of continental shelf known as the Lomonosov Ridge. Rising from the center of the Arctic Basin, the flag sent a clear message to the surrounding nations: Russia had just laid claim to the vast oil and gas reserves contained in this underwater turf. Russia's dramatic show of power had no legal weight — but it isn't the only nation that's trying to stake claims to the Arctic's vast depository of oil and gas. The United States, Norway, Sweden, Finland and China are all trying to cash in. It's no wonder: Projections show that the area of land and sea that falls within the Arctic Circle is home to an estimated 90 billion barrels of oil, an incredible 13% of Earth's reserves. It's also estimated to contain almost a quarter of untapped global gas resources. Most of the oil that's been located in this region so far is on the land, just because it's easier … [Read more...] about Why Is There So Much Oil in the Arctic?
How much does a polar bear weight
What do you do when a great hero is alleged to have done something awful? Politicians, historians, universities, artists and citizens in general have been grappling with this question for years. Renewed attention to racism and discrimination has prompted the reassessment of historical giants from Andrew Jackson to Woodrow Wilson, Winston Churchill to Gandhi. Sexual harassment revelations have felled a forest of cultural, political and business bigshots. Tasteless jokes, dubious comments or ill-advised tweets have led to scores of people being fired from prominent positions.Story Continued Below Now Martin Luther King Jr. is in the spotlight. On Thursday, David J. Garrow, the Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer of King—and the author of other acclaimed books on Roe v. Wade and Barack Obama—reported in the conservative British magazine Standpoint on explosive material that he found in recently published FBI documents. The article, based on FBI reports summarizing the … [Read more...] about How to Make Sense of the Shocking New MLK Documents
This story was originally published by The Guardian and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration. Greta Thunberg cut a frail and lonely figure when she started a school strike for the climate outside the Swedish parliament building last August. Her parents tried to dissuade her. Classmates declined to join. Passersby expressed pity and bemusement at the sight of the then unknown 15-year-old sitting on the cobblestones with a hand-painted banner. Eight months on, the picture could not be more different. The pigtailed teenager is feted across the world as a model of determination, inspiration, and positive action. National presidents and corporate executives line up to be criticized by her, face to face. Her Skolstrejk för Klimatet (school strike for climate) banner has been translated into dozens of languages. And, most striking of all, the loner is now anything but alone. On March 15, when she returns to the cobblestones (as she has done almost every Friday in … [Read more...] about A Teen Started a Global Climate Protest. What Are You Doing?
Steven John, provided by Published 6:10 pm PST, Thursday, January 31, 2019 suriyachan/Shutterstock Chronic lack of sleep can have multiple negative effects on a young person's wellness, including poorer performance at school, impaired physical development, and mental health issues. Nearly 50% of American children are not getting enough sleep these days despite broad understanding of the importance of rest. One of the leading causes of sleep deprivation among children and teens is the use of technology with screens. Kids are not getting enough sleep these days. Neither are adults, but that's our own fault – we're the adults. Of the many culprits behind youth sleep deprivation, including a glut of homework, a schedule overloaded with extracurricular activities, and an irregular bedtime routine, in recent years the expanded use of technology has become a serious impediment to healthy sleep habits. And chronic lack of sleep can have a major and decidedly negative … [Read more...] about 5 ways you can help your kids balance screen time with healthy sleep
By Sara Miller and Jeanna Bryner, Live Science | December 30, 2018 08:53am ET Credit: Jonathan Nimerfroh/jdnphotography.com Slurpee waves The cold that gripped the U.S. East Coast this past winter created a gorgeous phenomenon along the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts — slurpee waves. As if frozen mid-break, these waves were surfable, according to photographer and surfer Jonathan Nimerfroh, who captured the surreal photos. Credit: NASA/NOAA GOES Project/Twitter Bomb cyclone A rotating winter storm that churned its way across the U.S. East Coast in January made for some stunning satellite images, like this one captured by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's GOES-East satellite. The storm was also an opportunity to learn about a phenomenon described by some pretty cool words — bomb cyclone and .... wait for it, bombogenesis. A bomb cyclone occurs when the atmospheric pressure inside a weather system drops rapidly, causing that … [Read more...] about 100 Best Science Photos of 2018