Almost a year ago exactly, DeepMind, the British artificial intelligence (AI) division owned by Google parent company Alphabet, made headlines with preprint research (“Mastering Chess and Shogi by Self-Play with a General Reinforcement Learning Algorithm”) describing a system — AlphaZero — that could teach itself how to master the game of chess, a Japanese variant of chess called shogi, and the Chinese board game Go. In each case, it beat a world champion, demonstrating a state-of-the-art knack for learning two-person games with perfect information — that is to say, games where any decision is informed of all the events that have previously occurred. DeepMind’s claims were impressive to be sure, but they hadn’t undergone peer review. That’s changed. DeepMind today announced that, after months of back-and-forth revisions, its work on AlphaZero has been accepted in the journal Science, where it’s made the front … [Read more...] about DeepMind’s AlphaZero beats state-of-the-art chess and shogi game engines
Concrete problems in ai safety
On August 1, 2018, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence held a public hearing asking experts to testify on how foreign actors have used—and are using—social media to meddle in the American political process. The question of whether Russian entities interfered in American politics was not up for debate; that has already been firmly established. There was also no question about whether Russian influence operations are ongoing across social platforms: they are. Just 24 hours before the hearing, Facebook announced it had found numerous fake Pages masquerading as left-wing activists. Rather, the committee wanted researchers to state, on the record, facts that concretely establish what was learned about social media influence operations prior to, during, and following, the 2016 presidential election. They also wanted to know, how do we prevent this from happening again? Five experts testified, including me. Our findings were unanimous: these operations are ongoing and the … [Read more...] about The Information War Is On. Are We Ready For It?
More than one in five women in the UK have experienced abuse online, usually related to physical or sexual violence, according to research by Amnesty International. That’s not the only way gendered violence manifests itself online. From the inherently female and submissive nature of artificial intelligent (AI) assistants, to the "incels" (involuntary celibates) on Reddit discussing ways to punish women without being arrested, and discussions around what sex robots mean for the treatment of women, the internet can often be a dangerous place to be a woman. As a result, the future and safety of women is tied up in technology, something Dr Charlotte Webb and her team are exploring as part of the Feminist Internet movement. What began as a 10-day project at the University of Arts London last year has taken off to become an internationally recognised collective campaigning for a more equal internet for everyone, regardless of gender. We caught up with Webb, who … [Read more...] about Dr Charlotte Webb and the campaign for a feminist internet
Aart de Geus, chairman and co-CEO of Synopsys, sat down with Semiconductor Engineering to talk about the path to autonomous vehicles, industry dis-aggregation and re-aggregation, security issues, and who’s going to pay for chips at advanced nodes. SE: All of a sudden we have a bunch of new markets opening up for electronics. We have assisted and autonomous driving, AI and machine learning, virtual and augmented reality, and the cloud. This all came about immediately after the mobile market began flattening. Did you expect it all to happen like this? de Geus: Actually, if you look at mobility, the technology really never slowed down. It’s that the economic return of advances was not as high, and the number of people that already had one or two mobile phones was starting to be pretty large. So there was a slowdown from an economic point of view. But the fact that technology kept continuing to advance at a high speed is what actually opened the door for what I like to call the … [Read more...] about Market And Technology Inflections Ahead
However, Pichai adds that the company will continue to work with the military, and governments in other areas. While Pichai lays these out as "principles" as opposed to strict rules, the sections of the memo about weapons is titled "AI applications we will not pursue." AI at Google: our principles At its heart, AI is computer programming that learns and adapts. It can't solve every problem, but its potential to improve our lives is profound. At Google, we use AI to make products more useful—from email that's spam-free and easier to compose, to a digital assistant you can speak to naturally, to photos that pop the fun stuff out for you to enjoy. Beyond our products, we're using AI to help people tackle urgent problems. A pair of high school students are building AI-powered sensors to predict the risk of wildfires. Farmers are using it to monitor the health of their herds. Doctors are starting to use AI to help diagnose cancer and prevent blindness. These clear benefits are why … [Read more...] about Read Google’s AI ethics memo: “We are not developing AI for use in weapons”