Artificial intelligence is fast evolving to the point where anyone with the skills now has has access to the tools and platforms needed to make it happen. But is it time to stop and think before we plunge headlong into cognitive chaos? Developers and IT managers are now at the front lines of growing ethical dilemmas, as well as a potential partial surrendering by businesses of control over their decision-making. Perhaps its time for greater awareness and education on bringing AI-based decision-making into the light.At its recent MSBuild conference, Microsoft stated its goal going forward was to "help every developer be an AI developer" on top of its offerings, especially on its Azure cloud platform. At the same time, Google keeps opening up AI access to anyone who wants to work with it, as announced at its Google I/O conference, which also just took place. There, CEO Sundar Pichai famously demonstrated technology passing the Turing Test, running an audio of a highly interactive phone … [Read more...] about Time to break open AI’s black box, and keep it open
Black box repack
While we embrace the way the Internet of Things already is making our lives more streamlined and convenient, the cybersecurity risk posed by millions of wirelessly connected gadgets, devices and appliances remains a huge concern. Even single, targeted attacks can result in major damage; when cybercriminals control and manipulate several nodes in a network, the potential for destruction increases. UC Santa Barbara electrical and computer engineering professor Dmitri Strukov is working to address the latter. He and his team are looking to put an extra layer of security on the growing number of internet- and Bluetooth-enabled devices with technology that aims to prevent cloning, the practice by which nodes in a network are replicated and then used to launch attacks from within the network. A chip that deploys ionic memristor technology, it is an analog memory hardware solution to a digital problem. “You can think of it as a black box,” said Strukov, whose new … [Read more...] about An Ionic Black Box
When a Tesla Model X slammed into a concrete highway barrier in California last month, the vehicle's computers contained a wealth of information about the moments leading to the fatal accident. The problem for U.S. accident investigators is that the information wasn't easily accessible. The data stored on the Tesla is in a proprietary format that can only be accessed by the company. Similarly, the information the vehicles beam to Tesla computers on a regular basis can't be obtained without the company's cooperation. "It makes a challenging investigation more so," said Peter Goelz, a former managing director at the National Transportation Safety Board who is now senior vice president at O'Neill & Associates, a Washington lobbying and public relations firm.Unlike the trove of information contained on an airplane's crash-proof recorders -- the so-called "black boxes" that capture flight data and sounds from the cockpit in an easy-access format -- the NTSB needs the help of … [Read more...] about Teslas don’t have black boxes, making crash probes harder
A team of international researchers recently taught AI to justify its reasoning and point to evidence when it makes a decision. The ‘black box’ is becoming transparent, and that’s a big deal. Figuring out why a neural network makes the decisions it does is one of the biggest concerns in the field of artificial intelligence. The black box problem, as it’s called, essentially keeps us from trusting AI systems. The team was comprised of researchers from UC Berkeley, University of Amsterdam, MPI for Informatics, and Facebook AI Research. The new research builds on the group’s previous work, but this time around they’ve taught the AI some new tricks. Like humans, it can “point” at the evidence it used to answer a question and, through text, it can describe how it interpreted that evidence. It’s been developed to answer questions that require the average intellect of a nine year old child. According to the team’s recently published … [Read more...] about Bye bye black box: Researchers teach AI to explain itself
We may already feel cozy about artificial intelligence making ordinary decisions for us in our daily life. From product and movie recommendations on Netflix and Amazon to friend suggestions on Facebook, tailored advertisements on Google search result pages and auto corrections in virtually every app we use, artificial intelligence has already become ubiquitous like electricity or running water. But what about profound and life-changing decisions like in the judiciary system whena person is sentenced based on algorithms he isn’t even allowed to see. A few months ago, when Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. visited the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in upstate New York, Shirley Ann Jackson, president of the college, asked him “when smart machines, driven with artificial intelligences, will assist with courtroom fact-finding or, more controversially even, judicial decision-making?” The chief justice’s answer was truly startling. “It’s a day … [Read more...] about Do you want a black box AI deciding whether you live or die?